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绿色发展已成为趋势所向
时间: 2019-11-06
自2016年工业和信息化部发文推进绿色制造体系建设,明确提出,到2020年绿色制造体系初步建立,绿色制造相关标准体系和评价体系基本建成,建设百家绿色园区和千家绿色工厂,开发万
       自2016年工(gong)(gong)业和信息(xi)化(hua)部发文推进绿(lv)(lv)色(se)制造(zao)(zao)体(ti)(ti)系(xi)建设,明确提出,到(dao)2020年绿(lv)(lv)色(se)制造(zao)(zao)体(ti)(ti)系(xi)初步建立,绿(lv)(lv)色(se)制造(zao)(zao)相关标准体(ti)(ti)系(xi)和评价体(ti)(ti)系(xi)基(ji)(ji)本(ben)建成,建设百家绿(lv)(lv)色(se)园区和千家绿(lv)(lv)色(se)工(gong)(gong)厂(chang),开发万(wan)种(zhong)绿(lv)(lv)色(se)产品,创建绿(lv)(lv)色(se)供应链,绿(lv)(lv)色(se)制造(zao)(zao)市场化(hua)推进机制基(ji)(ji)本(ben)完成。建设内容主(zhu)要包括(kuo):绿(lv)(lv)色(se)工(gong)(gong)厂(chang)、绿(lv)(lv)色(se)产品、绿(lv)(lv)色(se)园区和绿(lv)(lv)色(se)供应链。

       绿(lv)(lv)色发展强调通过改善能源(yuan)(yuan)结构(gou)(gou)、提高能源(yuan)(yuan)效(xiao)(xiao)率、优(you)化产业(ye)结构(gou)(gou)和推动技术进步来实(shi)现,绿(lv)(lv)色发展通过绿(lv)(lv)色分配,形成良好的生(sheng)(sheng)态意识(shi)并构(gou)(gou)建绿(lv)(lv)色生(sheng)(sheng)活方式。对企(qi)业(ye)来说,绿(lv)(lv)色发展在带来巨大的经济效(xiao)(xiao)益的同时,也带来了巨大的环境(jing)效(xiao)(xiao)益。

什么是“绿色工厂”创建工作?
申(shen)报绿色工厂对制造企业有什么(me)好处?
       “绿(lv)色工(gong)厂”是制(zhi)造(zao)(zao)业(ye)的(de)(de)生产(chan)(chan)单(dan)元,是绿(lv)色制(zhi)造(zao)(zao)的(de)(de)实施主体(ti),属于(yu)绿(lv)色制(zhi)造(zao)(zao)体(ti)系的(de)(de)核心支撑单(dan)元,侧(ce)重于(yu)生产(chan)(chan)全(quan)过程的(de)(de)绿(lv)色化(hua)(hua)。“绿(lv)色工(gong)厂”创建(jian)是以全(quan)面建(jian)成 “用(yong)地集(ji)约化(hua)(hua)、原料无(wu)害化(hua)(hua)、生产(chan)(chan)洁净化(hua)(hua)、废物资(zi)源(yuan)化(hua)(hua)、能源(yuan)低碳化(hua)(hua)”工(gong)厂为(wei)目标,持续推进绿(lv)色制(zhi)造(zao)(zao)的(de)(de)动(dong)态过程。

制(zhi)造企业,被评为绿色工厂,简单来说,好处(chu)有以下五(wu)个方面:
(1)可提高(gao)绿色示范(fan)企业(ye)形象、知名度和(he)影(ying)响(xiang)力;
(2)有助(zhu)于提升企业对绿(lv)色制造的管理(li)水平,实现绿(lv)色和可(ke)持续发展(zhan);
(3)入(ru)选国家绿色工厂并获得(de)绿色工厂牌照,可作为(wei)企业环(huan)保(bao)的(de)保(bao)护伞,享受环(huan)保(bao)免(mian)检,冬(dong)季不(bu)限(xian)产等好(hao)处;
(4)享受国(guo)家相应的(de)政策支(zhi)持和省(sheng)级、国(guo)家级奖(jiang)励资(zi)(zi)金,以广东(dong)、河南为例,企业最终可(ke)得到奖(jiang)励资(zi)(zi)金可(ke)达几百万元;
(5)可作为企业绿色集成(cheng)改(gai)造升级的(de)基础,享受后期(qi)更(geng)大的(de)实惠。

申报绿色工厂需要提交哪些关键指标?
(1)基础(chu)设施方面,主(zhu)要包含通风采光良好;布局规划合理;满足生(sheng)产需求,同时不浪费资源(yuan)(yuan);厂区内能源(yuan)(yuan)计量设备要齐全等;
(2)要有相(xiang)关的三体(ti)系(xi)和能源管理体(ti)系(xi)认证(zheng);
(3)能源和(he)资(zi)源的投(tou)入情况(kuang),主要包含可再(zai)生(sheng)资(zi)源、清洁能源;采用新型能源,优化(hua)生(sheng)产工艺;合理利用设备(bei)的余热和(he)余压(ya);借助(zhu)智能技术(shu)和(he)物联网技术(shu),提高能源的配置效率等(deng);
(4)产品评价方面,主要(yao)(yao)包(bao)含材(cai)料的选用(yong)上、种(zhong)类要(yao)(yao)集中,可回收程(cheng)度高;采(cai)用(yong)标准化设计,提高产品的使(shi)用(yong)周期;在(zai)整个生(sheng)产流程(cheng)中对碳足迹进行跟(gen)踪(zong)等;
(5)环(huan)境排放方面要(yao)做(zuo)的(de)更好,如容积(ji)率、单位产(chan)(chan)品废气产(chan)(chan)生量、单位产(chan)(chan)品废水(shui)产(chan)(chan)生量等相(xiang)关指(zhi)标要(yao)达到相(xiang)关绩效标准(zhun)等。

怎么申报绿色工厂?
       首(shou)先(xian)是(shi)以工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)为(wei)主(zhu)体的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)和自(zi)(zi)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作。在这一(yi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作中(zhong),工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)需要对(dui)照绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)(jia)指标,逐项进行(xing)自(zi)(zi)我(wo)(wo)衡(heng)量是(shi)否已经达到(dao)(dao)要求,未达到(dao)(dao)要求的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)是(shi)否能(neng)够通(tong)过(guo)(guo)努力(li)而达到(dao)(dao)要求。这个(ge)尽量去(qu)满足(zu)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)所有评(ping)(ping)价(jia)(jia)指标的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)过(guo)(guo)程即为(wei)“绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)”,如“可再生(sheng)能(neng)源的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)利用”、“能(neng)源管理体系(xi)认证”、“温室气(qi)体核查(cha)”、“节水评(ping)(ping)价(jia)(jia)”等(deng)等(deng)许(xu)多指标都(dou)(dou)是(shi)大部(bu)分(fen)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)在进行(xing)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)过(guo)(guo)程中(zhong)完成的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),这也充分(fen)地体现了“绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)”工(gong)(gong)(gong)作对(dui)我(wo)(wo)国(guo)推行(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)系(xi)列(lie)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)相(xiang)关工(gong)(gong)(gong)作的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)推动作用,同时也更好地促进了单个(ge)企业的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)转(zhuan)型(xing)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作,以及整个(ge)行(xing)业甚至整个(ge)工(gong)(gong)(gong)业的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)转(zhuan)型(xing)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作。在所有工(gong)(gong)(gong)作都(dou)(dou)到(dao)(dao)位之后,工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)需要根据工(gong)(gong)(gong)信部(bu)发布(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)自(zi)(zi)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)(jia)报告模版”并对(dui)照“绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)(jia)指标”对(dui)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)进行(xing)自(zi)(zi)我(wo)(wo)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)(jia),完成《绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)自(zi)(zi)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)(jia)报告》。

       第(di)二步是以谱(pu)尼(ni)测(ce)试集团(tuan)这样的(de)第(di)三(san)方(fang)(fang)机构为主体的(de)评价(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作。在(zai)(zai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)完成自评价(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作之(zhi)后,就可以选择谱(pu)尼(ni)测(ce)试集团(tuan)作为第(di)三(san)方(fang)(fang)对《绿(lv)色工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)自评价(jia)报(bao)告》进行现(xian)场审核和评价(jia)。谱(pu)尼(ni)测(ce)试集团(tuan)将(jiang)根(gen)据(ju)绿(lv)色工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)评价(jia)指标向工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)提出需(xu)要提交的(de)资料清(qing)单,工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)进行相应准(zhun)备。在(zai)(zai)资料准(zhun)备齐全之(zhi)后,双(shuang)方(fang)(fang)协定时间,到现(xian)场进行勘察和评价(jia),并根(gen)据(ju)评价(jia)结(jie)果在(zai)(zai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)部发布的(de)“绿(lv)色工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)第(di)三(san)方(fang)(fang)评价(jia)报(bao)告模版(ban)”的(de)基础上完成《绿(lv)色工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)第(di)三(san)方(fang)(fang)评价(jia)报(bao)告》。

       第三(san)步(bu)是以各级(ji)(ji)主(zhu)管(guan)(guan)部分为(wei)主(zhu)体的(de)(de)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)、筛选及上报(bao)(bao)(bao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作。在《绿(lv)色(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂自(zi)评(ping)(ping)价报(bao)(bao)(bao)告(gao)(gao)》和《绿(lv)色(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂第三(san)方评(ping)(ping)价报(bao)(bao)(bao)告(gao)(gao)》都(dou)完成后(hou),工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂需待工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部发布“关(guan)于推荐绿(lv)色(se)(se)制造名单的(de)(de)通知”后(hou),将这两份盖章(zhang)版报(bao)(bao)(bao)告(gao)(gao)提交(jiao)给(ji)基层主(zhu)管(guan)(guan)部门,即(ji)县(xian)级(ji)(ji)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部门。县(xian)级(ji)(ji)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部门经过初步(bu)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)筛选之后(hou)逐级(ji)(ji)上报(bao)(bao)(bao)给(ji)市级(ji)(ji)、省级(ji)(ji)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部门和国家工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部。市级(ji)(ji)和省级(ji)(ji)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部门都(dou)会(hui)以自(zi)己的(de)(de)方式进行(xing)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)和筛选,优中选优进行(xing)上报(bao)(bao)(bao),最(zui)终上报(bao)(bao)(bao)到(dao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部,报(bao)(bao)(bao)告(gao)(gao)将会(hui)组织专家进行(xing)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen),最(zui)终评(ping)(ping)选出国家级(ji)(ji)绿(lv)色(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂。

       据(ju)了解(jie),第五批(pi)通知(zhi)要求每个(ge)地区推(tui)荐(jian)的(de)绿色工(gong)厂不超(chao)过30家(jia),往年的(de)通知(zhi)都未(wei)对推(tui)荐(jian)数量进行(xing)限制。并(bing)且,在今年特别提到鼓励家(jia)用电器、纺织、医药、食品、节能(neng)环保装备制造、新能(neng)源(yuan)装备制造、资源(yuan)综合利用、再制造等行(xing)业加快创建绿色工(gong)厂。

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